The Original Competence.

I am not messing about here – this is rare, not ebay rare, but actually rare.

This watch was thought to exist only as a prototype, and is the design that was used to launch the entire modern Roamer Luxury Competence line. The modern competence design was based on drawings and an empty case found in the Roamer archive.

Beautiful machined dial.

I apologize for the dust, it is on the crystal – not under.

1950s style lugs.

Case is 20 micron yellow gold plated.

MST 373, 8 3/4”’ launched in or around 1944/45 – this one would be about 1955 due to use of kif-duofix on escape cap jewel, yet still no shock protection on the balance (this is originally a ladies movement used in a man’s watch). Its not a sport watch, so it probably isn’t needed anyway.

I feel incredibly privileged to own this. I doubt I will see another, especially in this condition.

Military Roamers

It makes sense to start this post with the most famous (or well known) of military Roamers are those produced for the Rhodesian (Zimbabwe) bush war (July 1964 and December 1979) – which were a hacking MST520 manual wind movement. These were sourced via South Africa due to the Rhodesian trade embargo, and are alternatively marked, RA (Rhodesia), ZA and Z (Zud Afrika), and the watches must have been sourced between 1973 when the MST520 movement was introduced and 1976 when production ended.

You will note this example (mine) is marked ZA4063 and also SFA200.

The SFA could be the Security Force Auxiliaries that was created in 1978, well after production of the watches ceased. I would guess the watch was reissued to the SFA on its formation, unless the abbreviation turns out to mean something else.

Moving on from the well known, let us head back to WWII and look at Roamer’s involvement. Firstly Roamer watches were available to Allied military personal in the PX – they produced shock resistant and waterproof watches that were ideal for private purchase. The following advert run in Life Magazine 1954 – clearly states the purchase of the writer’s roamer watch from the N.A.A.F.I (Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes) in Italy – unfortunately there is no mention of the model.

Roamer – like many other watch companies was keen to produce watches for military issue as well. Although clearly available in Allied PX stores, it is certain that Roamer never supplied the British Military even though they had had a strong British presence establishing Medana Watch UK Limited in the 1920s. So what about the Axis forces – a number of lists of DH watch suppliers mention Roamer, but do not include any examples. The following watches are from my collection:

The three (non Rhodesian) Roamer watches are D. marked, fitted with an MST364 movement launched around 1940 and fitted with shock protection. The cases fitted to the D. 6852 and D. 7719 were patented in 1940 and are marked with their D. numbers using the same templates, and are identical in all other respects. The case is fully waterproof, and somewhat unconventional for military specifications of the time – and certainly exceed the watertightness of the conventional waterproof cases usually specified. I understand the the specifications for the Luftwaffe (D. marking) were somewhat looser than the Wehrmacht. Roamer was always a little different, a very independent watch manufacturer. The style of the lugs reflects the Bauhaus geometric elements of the late 1930s.

The last watch D. 8347 is in a more conventional waterproof case, that more closely matches the other other DH watches of the time. Otherwise it features the same dial (albeit slightly smaller), hands and movement as the previous 2 watches. It is no surprise that the change to the case style was made, as the patent case was very expensive to produce. I think it is worth stressing that this watch is marked with exactly the same and very distinctive ‘8’ as D. 6852.

There is another identical watch to D. 8347 owned by a member of the uhrforum.de with the number D. 12234.

The dials on all three of mine are original – being copper plated then overprinted with a negative of the dial – standard for Roamer of the late 1930s period and very durable. The hour and minute hands on D. 7719 may have been replaced – but they are otherwise sympathetic – so it is difficult to be certain, especially as they are correctly copper/rose gold coloured.

The movement is common to all three, being identical in every respect, from bridge marking to the patent numbers on the shock-resist cap jewel retainers. They are clearly from the same production run, as in general Roamer movements vary considerably over time, with respect to market, markings and finishing. This movement is finished with the characteristics of prewar production – postwar production featured plain finishing without geneva striping and usually 17 jewels, this is certainly true from 1944 onwards, and potentially true a few years earlier – subject to additional data. The Roamer chairman at the time was strongly anti-communist and therefore, at least in the early days in favor of the regime, while interestingly his brother-in-law and fellow director on the board was strongly anti-nazi. They must have had some heated discussions, and perhaps explains to some extent why the watches seem to be produced only in the early war period.

Here is a final group shot.

Unfortunately there are no Roamer archives remaining for this period, and therefore nothing can be confirmed absolutely.

Even earlier, Roamer produced what appears to be a 1920s/30s Flieger – of which there are several examples around powered by MST264 movements. While they appear to be classically styled Fliegers, I doubt they were anything other than fashion ‘lookalikes’ as the bezel does not rotate and cannot therefore utilize a pointer which of course was the Raison d’ĂȘtre for the watches. The following photos show my Tiega version (made by Roamer) – which is identical in every way to the more commonly seen Roamer, except for the Tiega dial and MST manufactured Tiega movement.





Now what about post war? Feeling like a bit of trivia? Bring on 1949, and…

Roamer presented a Roamer watch to Monty. If you are interested, the full translation is:

Our Director Leo Meyer and his wife had the pleasure and the honour of meeting Fieldmarshal Montgomery in Muerren during February. They learnt that this outstanding military leader was a modest, most likeable and very wise man. And as we can see over the page Monty’s welcome was a relaxed affair, just watch the children and their teacher, who were performing a welcome song, which shows the great regard for the British Fieldmarshal.

In a simple personal handwritten note Monty thanked Roamer for the lovely watch, which he felt will bring him joy every day.

We wish him all the best.

In the 1950s Roamer made a lot of effort to promote its patent waterproof case, and shock proof durable sports watches. These were featured ongoing advertising campaigns, and while perhaps not officially issued military watches – were clearly used and promoted in these roles. Here are some of these adds, presented here for fun!

The following Swiss Captain and Bicycle racer won his Roamer in 1939 in a Military Bike race.

The following British Tank commander used his Roamer since 1945.

The following British Major bought his in Cairo in 1942.

This Roamer survived 17 days stuck in the conning tower of a British Submarine.

As used by British Test pilots.

Used by the 1959 winner of the British Lockheed Trophy (acrobatics), Major Liardon (Swiss)

Early Rectangular Calibres

Rectangular watches really started off with the Gruen Quadron in about 1925, these being the first watches with a rectangular movement.

This was a move away from the earlier square or cut corner watches, that usually housed a smaller round (and usually ladies calibre), to a purpose built rectangular movement that retained the larger style men’s components and therefore accuracy (the size of the balance is important).

These rectangular watches were a huge success from about 1927 – and were copied by many other companies most of whom rushed to produce comparable rectangular movements, although some continued to use round movements in the meantime – leading to the stepped cases as an attempt to hide the unfashionable round movement. The following bulova is a classic example, note the size of the movement peeping out from under the dial.

Roamer, was fairly quick to produce their own in-house rectangular movements, with the first rectangular ladies Roamer calibre introduced in the 1920s, the MST 237 and 270. The first men’s rectangular calibre was introduced shortly after – probably around 1930 or 1931, the MST 302 – and appears in the 1933 materials catalogue.

Here is an early example, with the early logo – the Standard nomenclature was adopted sometime before 1933 as it appears in the 1933 catalogue.

Period side engravings, late 1920s, early 1930s.

Dial detail, appears all original on close examination – it is a commonly held myth that the notch at 3 always indicates a redial – this was used by Roamer (and others) in the manufacturing process for location between stamping and printing.

The case has a clear service mark of 1933 – if one assumes a reasonable 2 years to first service, it would place the watch at 1931, a fair estimate is of course 1931-33.

The watch needs substantial cosmetic work (not the dial) and movement work including a new balance staff. While it will eventually appear in the main collection, I thought it interesting enough to publish in the blog now due to the dearth of provably early 1930s Roamer watches.

1945 Roamer Shock Resist

I have recently finished up servicing this nice example of a 1944-46 Roamer Shock Resist in the patent waterproof case. The watch is a respectable 33mm and the movement is an MST 372.

I’ll leave the photos to tell their own story.

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